Incarceration Nation

Incarceration Nation
The Prison Industrial Complex

Slaves had 3/5* a vote, the "new slaves" get no vote

Slavery in the United States is flourishing
  • The U.S. has 25 % of the world's prisoners
  • We imprison more than Russia, China, Iran combined
  • U.S. prisons are private, and are profit driven
  • Prisons perform cheap labor for big business
  • Prisons grow faster than Educational Institutions
  • Prisons get twice the money of higher education
  • One of every 32 Americans is in correctional system
  • Blacks represent 48.2 % of the prison population
  • 1/3 of young black men are in the correction system
  • Most black offenders are incarcerated for drug charges
  • 72% of U.S. drug users are white, 15% are black
  • Blacks represent 42.5% of death row inmates
  • Most black death row inmates are innocent
  • Blacks/poor are often given drunk or incompetent lawyers
  • Confessions are often tricked or beaten out of blacks
  • Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics (1998)
    National Household Survey of Drug Abuse (1998)
    Justice Policy Institute Study (2002)
    The Columbia University Capital Punishement Report (2002)
    National Prison Project, ACLU (2001)
    Sentencing Project, Justice Department Study (2002)
    Read: Lock Down American
    Christian Parenti
    In California, prison spending eclipsed higher education; Starbucks, Jansport and Microsoft all use prison labor to package their products; Corrections Corporations of America has been dubbed a 'theme stock for the 90s.'


    TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  • Flawed State Killings
  • Massive Incarceratons
  • Race, Prejudice, and the New Slavery


    Flawed State Killings

    http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/americas/newsid_787000/787416.stm
    Monday, 12 June, 2000, 17:58 GMT 18:58 UK
    Most US death sentences 'flawed'
    Illinois has suspended the death penalty amid criticism

    EXCERPS:

    A major study of capital punishment in the United States says more than two-thirds of convictions are so flawed that they are overturned on appeal.

    And it says the fault lies in part with the prosecutors who refuse to share vital evidence with defence lawyers and juries. The study of 4,578 appeals between 1973 and 1995 showed that most cases "are so seriously flawed that they have to be done over again".

    Report author Professor James Liebman said: "It's not one case, it's thousands of cases. It's not one state, it's almost all of the states.

    Prof Liebman says the biggest problem is lazy and incompetent defence lawyers.

    In one controversial case, death row inmate Calvin Burdine is fighting to overturn his 1983 conviction on the grounds that his court-appointed lawyer slept through much of his two-day trial.


    http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/26/national/26DNA.html
    August 26, 2002
    Confession Had His Signature; DNA Did Not
    By JODI WILGOREN

    EXCEPRTS:

    DETROIT, Aug. 23 Eighteen years ago, Eddie Joe Lloyd confessed in horrific detail to the rape and murder of 16-year-old Michelle Jackson, solving a case that had terrified this city after a wave of fatal child abductions in the area.

    Mr. Lloyd's account, in a six-page statement and an audiotape, was chillingly accurate. It described Michelle's Gloria Vanderbilt jeans and half-moon earrings, the red-handled knife used to threaten her, the long johns that strangled her, the dirty green bottle left in her rectum. The only false thing about the confession was the confession itself.

    At a hearing on Monday, prosecutors and defense attorneys will appear together before the judge who sentenced Mr. Lloyd to life in prison in 1985, lamenting as he did so Michigan's lack of the death penalty. They plan to present DNA evidence to show that Mr. Lloyd is the wrong man and request his release.


    http://www.sunspot.net/news/opinion/oped/bal-op.death16may16.story
    Halt executions across the nation
    By Russ Feingold and Jon Corzine
    May 16, 2002

    EXCERPS:

    WASHINGTON - Gov. Parris N. Glendening took a courageous step when he put a moratorium on executions in Maryland, as Gov. George Ryan did in Illinois in 2000.

    Mr. Glendening's action signals mounting concern about flaws in our death penalty system: the 101st death row inmate has now been exonerated; a Columbia University study has found that from 1973 to 1995, more than two-thirds of death penalty convictions were reversed on appeal based on serious, reversible error; and late last month in New York, U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff announced that he was seriously considering finding the federal death penalty unconstitutional because so many death row inmates have been found innocent.


    Massive Incarceratons

    2001 Associated Press
    Karen Gullo, Associated Press Writer

    ``We have 25 percent of the world's prisoners but we're only 5 percent of the world's population,'' said Kara Gotsch of the American Civil Liberties Union's National Prison Project, which advocates alternatives to incarceration.

    http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20020920/ap_on_re_us/drug_offenders_1
    Study: Most Drug Inmates Not Violent
    U.S. National - AP
    Fri Sep 20,12:21 AM ET
    EXCERPTS:
    WASHINGTON (AP) - Most drug offenders in state prisons are black males with no history of violence or high-level drug dealing, an interest group says.

    The Sentencing Project, which advocates for alternatives to incarceration, says that just over half of these state inmates -- 58 percent, or 124,885 people -- are nonviolent offenders.


    http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20020826/ap_on_go_ot/corrections_population_4
    Report: Millions Behind Bars in U.S.
    Sun Aug 25, 9:55 PM ET
    By JONATHAN D. SALANT, Associated Press Writer

    EXCERPTS:

    WASHINGTON (AP) - One in every 32 adults in the United States was behind bars or on probation or parole by the end of last year, according to a government report Sunday that found a record 6.6 million people in the nation's correctional system.

    The number of adults under supervision by the criminal justice system rose by 147,700, or 2.3 percent, between 2000 and 2001, the Justice Department reported. In 1990, almost 4.4 million adults were incarcerated or being supervised.


    Race, Prejudice, and the New Slavery

    2001 Associated Press
    Karen Gullo, Associated Press Writer

    Racial disparities in prison populations were profound, the report showed:

  • Black males were incarcerated in record numbers - a total of 791,600 black men were in prison, a new high. Nearly one in eight black males age 20 to 34 were in prison on any given day, the report said.

  • Racial minorities account for 79 percent of all state prison drug offenders. The total number of prisoners in state correctional facilities was 1,242,962 as of June 2000. Eleven states reported a decline in their inmate populations from 1999 to 2000, including two of the nation's largest state prison systems - California and New York.

  • http://www.chron.com/cs/CDA/story.hts/front/1551282
    Aug. 28, 2002, 10:36AM
    A new study shows state has increased spending faster on prisons than education
    By MICHAEL HEDGES Copyright 2002 Houston Chronicle Washington Bureau

    EXCERPTS:

    WASHINGTON -- Percentage increases in spending for Texas prisons has far outstripped state spending hikes for higher education since the mid-1980s, according to a report released Wednesday.

    The study, by the Justice Policy Institute, a Washington advocacy group, also showed Texas now has more black men in state prisons than in state colleges and universities.

    Texas was not alone in seeing its spending on prisons rise along a steep curve in the past decade and a half, while money set aside for higher education rose much more slowly, according to the study.


    http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/20020826/ap_on_go_ca_st_pe/corrections_population_5
    Corrections Population Hits 6.6M
    Mon Aug 26, 1:41 AM ET

    EXCERPS:

    The number of people in the U.S. correctional system hit a record 6.6 million more than 3 in every 100 adults_ last year, the Justice Department says.

    Whites accounted for 55 percent of those on probation, while blacks made up 31 percent. Among those behind bars, however, 46 percent of those incarcerated were black and 36 percent were white.


    http://www.cnn.com/2002/TECH/ptech/01/24/unregulated.databases.idg/index.html
    Unregulated databases hold personal data
    January 24, 2002 Posted: 8:50 a.m. EST (1350 GMT)
    By Jennifer Disabatino

    EXCERPS:

    (IDG) -- In the 2000 presidential election, Florida disqualified thousands of voters because a computerized database search identified them as felons who were ineligible to participate in the election.

    Many of those voters weren't, in fact, felons. They had been charged with misdemeanor crimes and should have been eligible to vote.


    Read more on the United States Prison Industrial Complex


    *Although slaves had no right to vote, the southern slave-holders fought to give the slaves full representation in Congress. In effect, this would give slave-holders more Federal power. The abolishonists wanted to give the slaves no representation; to reduce the power of the slave-holders, to help eventually free the slaves. This 3/5 vote compromise has been misconstrued and misused in many ways, including the misuse on the top of this web page.

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